Message from The Chair
It gives me immense pleasure to welcome you all to the U.G .C. Sponsored National Conference on 'E- Waste- Management and Swachh Bharat Abhiyan' organised by our college. The conference has been organised as a series of initiatives taken by our college to create awareness about the relative importance of maintaining cleanliness in our surroundings and is in line with the 'Swachh Bharat Abhiyan' or the 'Clean India Mission' instituted by the Government of India across the nation.
With the belief in holistic development of students, our college has been actively contributing to meet the academic and ecological needs of the society and country at large through fostering research and development in the field. As is rightly said, from nature we come and to it we shall return', it therefore becomes our duty as inhabitants of this planet to maintain the glory it originated from in its pristine form during our stay here. With economic growth of a nation, comes a great responsibility of managing the residuals involved in growth. We are at present at a rapidly digitalizing time, where majority of the work related to diverse fields like academics, medicine and industry, our dependence on e -technology has increased manifolds. Along with benefits of advancement, it has also contributed to the menace of building up gigantic e-waste, that needs for an immediate action plan for its management. The perils of e-waste accrue in the form of numerous fatal diseases that not only affect our present 'generation but have a capacity to affect health of future generations to come.
Maintaining cleanliness is not only important for our physical wellbeing but is associated with our spiritual and emotional wellness as well. As Gandhi ji said 'clean mind lives in a clean body', true liberation can be achieved only if we are liberated from bondages of all kinds -slavery, impure thoughts and ill health. For a nation to prosper, there must reside people who thrive in a healthy social, political and ecological environment. This conference is a small endevour on our part to create sensitization about imminent need to maintain a clean, healthy and disease free environment, where each of us is able to contribute to our greatest potential. I would like extend my thanks to all the delegates for their sincere contribution to the global cause of concern, and hope that the knowledge all of us have gained on this platform will rekindle our efforts towards building a clean and sustainable environment.
Thank you all
Dr. Mamta Sharma
Message from The Organizing Secretary
The access to electronic products and digital technology has dramaticall y increased due to rapid innovation and lowered costs. This has led to an increase in the use of electronic devices and equipment. The unintended consequence of this is a ballooning of electronic and electrical waste: e-waste. E-waste is a term used to portray any electronic gadget that is obsolete, old, broken, disposed of, or toward the finish of its valuable life. This incorporates PDAs, PCs, portable workstations, screens, TVs, printers, scanners, and other electrical gadgets. E-waste is the fastest-growing waste stream in the world. According to an estimate by United Nations University, each year, approximately 50 million tonnes of electronic and electrical waste (e-waste) are discarded — the weight of more than all commercial airliners ever made. In terms of material value, this is worth 62.5 billion US dollars — more than the GDP of most countries. India was ranked as the fifth largest generator of e-waste in the world besides the US, China, Japan and Germany with an estimated of 2 million tonnes of e-waste generated annually. A large number of E-wastes is being illegally dumped by developed countries in the developing countries like India. Almost 70 per cent of e-waste handled in India is produced elsewhere in spite of a reported import ban on e-waste. Globally, less than 20% of E-waste is recycled formally and the rest of this mostly ends up in landfill or disposed off. In India, Only 2 percent of the E-waste is recycled. Even for the small fraction of e-waste that is being recycled, the informal sector handles over 90 per cent of the recycling. Informally, much of it is done in working conditions harmful to both health and the environment. In addition to health and pollution impacts, improper management or c-waste is resulting in a significant loss of scarce and valuable raw materials, such as gold, platinum, cobalt and rare earth elements. As much as 7% or the world's gold may currently be contained in e-waste, with 100 times more gold in a tonne of e-waste than in a tonne of gold ore. This calls for an overhaul of the current electronics system, emphasising the need for a circular economy in which resources are not extracted, used and discarded, but valued and reused in ways that minimise environmental impacts and create decent, sustainable jobs. The strategies such durable product design, buy-back and return systems for used electronics, 'urban mining' to extract metals and minerals from e-waste, and the `dematerialisation' of electronics by replacing outright device ownership with rental and leasing models etc. would reduce the volume of e-waste and maximise product reuse and recycling opportunities. Further, better product tracking and take-back schemes, also constitute an important step to circular global value chains. The government of India has attempted to address this issue in the last few years. The number of steps has been taken to enhance awareness about environmentally sound management of e-waste. Regulations were introduced in 2008 and 2011 for the formal sector. In 2016, revised E-waste management rules, called the E-Waste (Management) Rules, 2016 were notified by the Union Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) to implement effectively an environmentally sound management of e-waste. On 22nd March 2018, these Rules have been amended and came into force on the same day with the objective to channelize the E-waste generated in the country towards authorized dismantlers and recyclers in order to formalize the e-waste recycling sector. The E-waste issue requires harmonized efforts by entrepreneurs, investors, academics, business and labour leaders and lawmakers to develop comprehensive and systematic solution that is sustainable and environmentally sound to make the circular economy work. The theme of conference echoes an urgent call for the adoption of green growth approach as the foundation of the sustainable development and it conforms to our Government's objective of Swachh Bharat. The conference will bring together leading academic scientists, researchers and Government officials to exchange, present and discuss the most recent innovations, trends, and concerns as well as practical challenges encountered and solutions adopted in the fields of &Waste Management and Recycling Process.
Dr. Bhawna Rajput
Co-Convener & Organising Secretary
Rapid growth of technology and technical innovations not only transformed human lives but also have degraded their health and coping mechanisms by leaving huge E-waste dumps in our country. With this issue as our core concern, Dr Mamta Sharma, Principal, Aditi Mahavidyalaya organized the first National Conference on E-Waste Management and Swachh Bharat Mission sponsored by University Grants Commission on 10th April 2019 at Department of Environmental Studies at University of Delhi. It was organised by the efforts of Dr Bhawna Rajput- the Co-Convenor& Conference Organizing Secretary, Convenor Swachh Bharat Mission. The conference began with an inspiring welcome address by Dr Mamta Sharma, Convenor, Conference Chair, who warmly welcomed all the honourable guests with message that ‘from nature we come and to it we shall return’ and further highlighted the necessity of such initiatives for sustainable development and clean environment for students, researchers and academicians. Further Dr Bhawna Rajput, Conference Organizing Secretary, Convenor Swachh Bharat Mission, Associate Professor addressed the in context of contemporary transition of technology, it is extremely relevant to address the hazards that are generated by the MNCs. Around 200 participants and eminent speakers from Ministries under GOI, leading academic scientists, researchers and scholars in the domain of interest from around the country to share their expert knowledge, information and best practices, and build strong vision for future.
On this occasion our hon’ble chief guest was Dr Sandip Chatterjee, Director, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology who highlighted the initiatives by Ministry to create eco-parks in order to streamline e-waste recycling in environmentally friendly manner using the indigenously developed technologies in accordance with the requirements in India. In the similar context, our Guest of Honor – Professor Inderjit Singh, Head, Department of Environmental Studies, University of Delhi and Dr Sunil Thakur, CMO, WUS Health Centre, University of Delhi as Special Invitee gave detailed information about the hazardous nature of the E-waste and its degrading impact on ecosystems. In keynote address, Professor Radhey Shyam Sharma, Department of Environmental Studies, University of Delhi shared that this event will enable us to exchange our experiences and share best practices for E-waste management at national level.
The event facilitated opportunities for networking, collaboration and exchange of ideas with renowned experts in E-waste Management & Recycling research and development aimed towards sustainability of environment and common resources. The conference involved around 40 paper presentation and E-poster presentations by academicians from diverse fields. A compilation of all the abstracts in the form of a book was released during the inaugural session.
Technical session Chaired by Dr. Harendra Kharkwal ,Additional Director, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change and was co-ordinated by Dr Mali D. Sawariya was organized to bring together representatives of formal and informal sectors of E-waste labour – Producer Responsibility Organizations namely – Mr Shekhar Sharma and Mr Ravi Bhushan from Hindustan E-Waste Management (P) Ltd highlighted the prospects of job opportunities and entrepreneurship in E-waste management. He talked about the rising employment opportunities in this sector and the career prospects for students. Mr Ravi Bhushan shared that there is a need for Awareness generation programmes to maintain EPRs.
e recommended that four strategies which needs to be followed - firstly the producer of EPR has to conduct awareness program with their consumers once or twice in a year; secondly, the consumers may be picked from Big Corporates, School, Community people; thirdly, a sticker or label has to be affixed on the labels of products/parts stating the hazards of e-waste; fourthly, website of the company should contain a Toll Free no and also define Environmental policy on the home page of the website.
Then, Mr Ujjawal Kumar from Namo E-Waste Ltd shared that there is need of collaboration of academic bodies and the awareness generating institutions so that students can be made aware about the E-waste management scenario in Indian cities. On this note, Mr Shashi Pandit from Harit Recyclers Association shared the issues and concerns that the labour in informal E-waste management sector is facing at present.
After this panel discussion by technical experts, there were around academic presentations of 40 research papers and E-posters from scholars from interdisciplinary fields which were chaired by Prof. Ashok Prasad, Department of Chemistry, University of Delhi and Mr Shiv Kumar, Senior Technical Director & Scientist D, National Informatics Centre (NIC). The research paper titled ‘E-Waste Awareness level of End User’s – A Reality Test’ by Mr Zofail Hassan (Research Scholar, Dept of Commerce and Business Studies, Jamia Millia Islamia) was awarded with the Best Presentation certificate. All the presentation highlighted the paradigms shifts in practices, concepts, challenges and strategies that are significant in E-waste managements from Inter-disciplinary perspectives.
The conference ended with the valedictory remarks by Mr Shiv Kumar who narrated a significant learning from the life of Swami Vivekanand that though undoubtedly there exists the problems in the lives of individual, group and community but in order to find the solution we all have to fulfil the gap of ‘information’. This gap has to be bridged so that all the communities and individual should be free from toxics generated by E- waste. His suggested that there is urgent need to work upon awareness generation in the masses; collaboration with corporate sector; and the responsibility of the government as a stakeholder should be practiced seriously. Further he conveyed vote of thanks to all the participants, moderators, panellists and presenters. He extended his thanks to Dr Mamta Sharma,Chair, Dr Bhawna Rajput, Co-Convenor & Organizing Secretary and organizing committee - Dr Nalini Singh (Co-ordinator); Dr Sunita Dahiya; Dr Neetu Malik; Dr Mali D. Sawariya (Technical Session Coordinator); Dr Parul Chopra; Dr Jagmohan; Mr Manish Vats; Ms Lovely; Ms Roshni; Ms Indu Dahiya; Ms Divya Kalra; Dr Parul Goel and Ms Sneh Gangwar for their efforts. Further, he expressed his satisfaction on the extensive learning that took place in this conference and which he hoped would continue going forward.
Thus, in the visionary guidance of the above delegates, experts, practitioners and scholars in the field of E-Waste management, the conference summarised that in future there shall be integrated and holistic approach in creating standardized legislations, livelihood-based entrepreneurship opportunities, collaborative action and partnerships and generating opportunities for evidence-based practice in optimizing E-waste Management in India.
Posted By :Aditi Posted On : 15-04-2019 At : 12:18:29