[citation needed] The ancient Magyars sacrificed white stallions to him before a battle. One of Cúchulainn's chariot-horses was called Liath Macha or "Macha's Grey"[citation needed]. This beloved Viking god protects both Asgard, the realm of the gods, and Midgard, the realm of the humans, from the giants and other threats. [2] The worship of Epona, "the sole Celtic divinity ultimately worshipped in Rome itself",[3] as the patroness of cavalry,[4] was widespread in the Roman Empire between the first and third centuries AD; this is unusual for a Celtic deity, most of whom were associated with specific localities. There, it’s said that Forseti’s dwelling-place, Glitnir, is a resplendent hall made of gold … Continue reading Forseti → Said to ride around the earth on his horse Skinfaxi. We’ve assembled a complete list of Norse-viking horse names that honor this unique heritage while celebrating your pet’s personality. The city of Pangantucan has as its symbol a white stallion who saved an ancient tribe from massacre by uprooting a bamboo and thus warning them of the enemy's approach. For example, the heroic prince or white knight of fairy tales often rides a white horse. In Irish myth horses are said to be symbols of sovereignty and the sovereignty goddess Macha is associated with them. Olmsted reads the inscription as invoking the goddess with an archaic profusion of epithets: Eponina 'dear little Epona', Atanta 'horse-goddess', Potia 'powerful Mistress' (compare Greek Potnia), Dibonia (Latin, the 'good goddess')", Catona 'of battle', noble and good Vovesia. Loki’s name thus elicits both positive and negative connotations in Norse mythology. Heidrun: Heidrun is a she-goat who eats the leaves of Laerad, Heidrun produces a never-ending supply of mead for the Gods and heroes at their nightly feats. "Once More the Celtic Horse-Goddess." The pantomime horse is thought to be a related survival. Phyllis Fray Bober, reviewing Réne Magnen, Miriam Robbins Dexter, "Horse Goddess," in, Theo Brown, "Tertullian and Horse-Cults in Britain", Herbert Kille, "West Country hobby-horses and cognate customs", Wiltshire is believable, but was added to the provenance, merely ". Both truly white horses and the more common grey horses, with completely white hair coats, were identified as "white" by various religious and cultural traditions. A south Welsh folk ritual called Mari Lwyd (Grey Mare) is still undertaken in December, which some folklorists likewise have held up as an apparent survival of the veneration of the goddess, but again there is no firm evidence to support the age of the practice. On Mackinac Island, Michigan, Epona is celebrated each June with stable tours, a blessing of the animals and the Epona and Barkus Parade. A secondary pair of twins fathered by Zeus, Amphion and Zethus, the legendary founders of Thebes, are called "Dioskouroi, riders of white horses" (λευκόπωλος) by Euripedes in his play The Phoenician Women (the same epithet is used in Heracles and in the lost play Antiope). We do know that Odin was the most complex figure of all the Norse Gods. Arguably the most famous of the Norse gods, Thor (Þórr in Old Norse), the god of thunder, with his burly might and boisterous ways, epitomized the formidable warrior who was accorded high status in the Germanic society of ancient and early medieval times. Hildisvini is the boar of the Goddess Freya, Hildisvini was made by the dwarves Dain and Nabbi. [25] However, there is no firm evidence of the festival before the 18th Century, A provincial, though not crude, small (7.5 cm high) Roman bronze of a seated Epona, flanked by a small mare and stallion, found in England,[26] is conserved in the British Museum. He was known as the trickster and mischievous god in Norse mythology, and engaged in battles with several of the gods of Asgard, such as Thor and Baldur. Hildisvini: Battle Boar. NJÖRÐR (Njord/Njorth) – a Vanir Sea and wind god regarded as the father of the goddess Freyja and god Freyr. Le migliori offerte per Eccellente condizione Norreno Horse "God of War" T-Shirt Taglia L sono su eBay Confronta prezzi e caratteristiche di prodotti nuovi e usati Molti articoli con consegna gratis! Though some mythologies are stories from earliest beliefs, other tales, though visionary or metaphorical, are found in liturgical sources as part of preserved, on-going traditions (see, for example, "Iranian tradition" below). [1] She and her horses might also have been leaders of the soul in the after-life ride, with parallels in Rhiannon of the Mabinogion. Actual historical background of the story is dubious because Svatopluk I was already dead when the first Hungarian tribes arrived. [9] That suggestion has not been generally taken up. Odin. Her first marriage to Naglfari produced her first son, Audr, a god of prosperity.Her second marriage, to Annar, produced her only daughter, the giantess Jörð, who, by Odin, was the mother of Thor.Her third and only lasting marriage is to Dellingr, the god of dawn and mornings. It appears in The Violet Fairy Book and attributes more than usual magical powers to the ancient Roman poet Virgil (see also Virgil#Mysticism and hidden meanings). The probable date of c. 1380–550 BC ascribed to the giant chalk horse carved into the hillside turf at Uffington, in southern England, may be too early to be directly associated with Epona, and may not actually represent a horse at all. Horse Names From Norse Mythology 1. She did not want to marry Alf until she saw how strong he was in battle and then she relented. [6] In an episode preserved in a remark of Pausanias,[7] an archaic Demeter Erinys (Vengeful Demeter) too had also been a Great Mare, who was mounted by Poseidon in the form of a stallion and foaled Arion and the Daughter who was unnamed outside the Arcadian mysteries. She was particularly a goddess of fertility, as shown by her attributes of a patera, cornucopia, ears of grain and the presence of foals in some sculptures. "Epona" Dissertation, Bonn 1994 (Sonderdruck aus: Bericht der Römisch-Germanischen Kommission 74.1993.). At the moment of her child loss the lord discovers a supernatural human boy who grows up with a natural affinity for horses to become the great knight Pryderi later revealed to be Rhiannon's son. He was the son of a giant — one of the Norse gods’ enemies — but spends most of his time helping gods like Odin and Thor. An inscription to Epona from Mainz, Germany, identifies the dedicator as Syrian. [14] The cult of Epona was spread over much of the Roman Empire by the auxiliary cavalry, alae, especially the Imperial Horse Guard or equites singulares augustii recruited from Gaul, Lower Germany, and Pannonia. The medieval Welsh figure Rhiannon rides a white horse but has no other direct attributes in common with Epona. [29] Her tale as a barren queen who bears child in the third year that mysteriously disappears features the horse lord Teyrnon who keeps a mare which foals every May Eve but is taken by a monstrous demonic claw. Warmind, Morten. King, Simón, Francisco Marco, "Religion and Religious Practices of the Ancient Celts of the Iberian Peninsula" in, Thevenot, Emile 1949. The divinity takes this form during the last 10 days of every month of the Zoroastrian calendar, and also in a cosmogonical battle for control of rain. The Aesir gods are more aggressive and warlike than the Vanir, representing the brute strength and raw power of nature. The main goddess is Frigg. Additionally, there is a story (mentioned for example in Gesta Hungarorum) that the Magyars paid a white horse to Moravian chieftain Svatopluk I (in other forms of the story, it is instead the Bulgarian chieftain Salan) for a part of the land that later became the Kingdom of Hungary. Gulltopp is the horse of the God Heimdall. These stories were passed down in the form of poetry until the 11th – 18th centuries when the Eddas and other texts were written. [14] Similar rituals may have taken place among Roman, Celtic and Norse people, but the descriptions are not so complete. On the other hand, even Herodotus mentions in his Histories an Eastern custom, where sending a white horse as payment in exchange for land means casus belli. In Scottish folklore, the kelpie or each uisge, a deadly supernatural water demon in the shape of a horse, is sometimes described as white, though other stories say it is black. [9], In Slavic mythology, the war and fertility deity Svantovit owned an oracular white horse; the historian Saxo Grammaticus, in descriptions similar to those of Tacitus centuries before, says the priests divined the future by leading the white stallion between a series of fences and watching which leg, right or left, stepped first in each row. [31], Epona is also worshipped today by neo-druids[32] and other pagans and polytheists. By blood, Loki is a half-giant and also a shapeshifter, which has allowed him to have many non-human children. A "white palfrey" appears in the fairy tale "Virgilius the Sorcerer" by Andrew Lang. Al-Buraq was also said to transport Abraham (Ibrâhîm) when he visited his wife Hagar (Hājar) and son Ishmael (Ismâ'îl). [27] In Ossetia, the deity Uastyrdzhi, who embodied both the warrior and sun motifs often associated with white horses, became identified with the figure of St. George after the region adopted Christianity. They are often associated with the sun chariot,[1] with warrior-heroes, with fertility (in both mare and stallion manifestations), or with an end-of-time saviour, but other interpretations exist as well. Hayagriva the Avatar of Vishnu is worshipped as the God of knowledge and wisdom, with a human body and a horse's head, brilliant white in colour, with white garments and seated on a white lotus. In: This page was last edited on 28 December 2020, at 03:29. It was believed that he was in an unhappy marriage with Skade (Skaði), the goddess of hunting, mountains and skiing. [34], The white horse is a recurring motif in Ibsen's play Rosmersholm, making use of the common Norse folklore that its appearance was a portent of death. [4] Son of Odin and husband of Idun. Somewhere in this process, the god Loki made love to a horse — but we’ll get to that later. [14], Kanthaka was a white horse that was a royal servant and favourite horse of Prince Siddhartha, who later became Gautama Buddha. The supposed autonomy of Celtic civilization in Gaul[clarification needed] suffered a further setback with Fernand Benoît's study[13] of the funereal symbolism of the horseman with the serpent-tailed ("anguiforme") daemon, which he established as a theme of victory over death, and Epona; both he found to be late manifestations of Mediterranean-influenced symbolism, which had reached Gaul through contacts with Etruria and Magna Graecia. The Hungarian name for God was, and remains "Isten" and they followed Steppe Tengriism. [11] Additionally, Heimdallr owns the unique golden horse Gulltoppr, and he is known by many names. There are also white horses which are divinatory, who prophesy or warn of danger. Odin, Frigg, Thor, Loki, Balder, Hod, Heimdall and Tyr are the most elevated representatives of Æsir and are known as the main gods. The West Country traditional hobby-horse riders parading on May Day at Padstow, Cornwall and Minehead, Somerset, which survived to the mid-twentieth century, even though Morris dances had been forgotten, was thought by folklorists through the 20th Century to have deep roots in the veneration of Epona, as may the British aversion to eating horsemeat. Alf. In Greek mythology, the white winged horse Pegasus was the son of Poseidon and the gorgon Medusa. [citation needed] However, Olmsted's interpretation has not been generally accepted by other scholars; Meid interprets the same inscription as an invocation of Dibona in vulgar Greek for aid in a romantic dispute.[11]. The worship of Epona, "the sole Celtic divinity ultimately worshipped in Rome … A euhemeristic account of Epona's origin occurs in the Parallela Minora, which were traditionally attributed to Plutarch (but are now classed as "Pseudo-Plutarch"): Fulvius Stellus hated women and used to consort with a mare and in due time the mare gave birth to a beautiful girl and they named her Epona. 1.1K likes. For the video game character, see. [21] In distant Dacia, she is represented on a stela (now at the Szépmüvézeti Museum, Budapest) in the format of Cybele, seated frontally on a throne with her hands on the necks of her paired animals: her horses are substitutions for Cybele's lions. Indra is depicted as having a liking for white horses in several legends – he often steals the sacrificial horse to the consternation of all involved, such as in the story of Sagara,[17] or the story of King Prithu.[18]. And the English nursery rhyme "Ride a cock horse to Banbury Cross" refers to a lady on a white horse who may be associated with the Celtic goddess Rhiannon.[33]. In Viking beliefs, Odin was the god of magic, wisdom, and war. In the New Testament, the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse include one seated on a white horse[20] and one on a pale horse – the "white" horse carried the rider Conquest (traditionally, Pestilence) while the "pale" horse carried the rider Death. White horses appear many times in Hindu mythology and stand for the sun. Epona is also indirectly mentioned in Victor Hugo's Les Misérables, as one of his characters is named for her- Éponine. [33], Gallo-Roman goddess of horses and fertility, This article is about the goddess. Most often, they appear only as fully-grown adults. Sometimes, Age and Loki is also considered Aesirs. The 11th-century king, Lý Công Uẩn (also known as King Lý Thái Tổ) had a vision of a white horse representing a river spirit which showed him where to build his citadel.[32]. Tyr, however, was a relatively minor god of the Aesir. Nótt is the goddess of night in Norse mythology.She was the daughter of Norvi.. She married thrice. Historians believe, however, that this may not have always been the case. Had seen their sunrise pass, Perceptions of native Celtic goddesses had changed under Roman hegemony: only the names remained the same. Glad (Norse mythology) Glær; Gná and Hófvarpnir; Grani; Gullfaxi; Gulltoppr; Gyllir Freyr is a Norse god of weather and fertility; brother of Freya. 6. Benoît compared the rider with most of the riders imaged around the Mediterranean shores. He is mentioned only twice in Old Norse literature. Asgard, in Norse mythology, is the abode of the gods.Access to Asgard was possible only by crossing the bridge Bifrost (the rainbow). In Celtic mythology, Rhiannon, a mythic figure in the Mabinogion collection of legends, rides a "pale-white" horse. On her left arm she holds a yoke, which curves up above her shoulder, an attribute unique to this bronze statuette.[28]. The Book of Zechariah twice mentions coloured horses; in the first passage there are three colours (red, dappled, and white), and in the second there are four teams of horses (red, black, white, and finally dappled) pulling chariots. [30] The "Feast of Epona" involves the blessing of horses and other animals by a local churchman. He also happened to be blind, and appears a few times in the Norse … White horses are also said to draw divine chariots, such as that of Aredvi Sura Anahita, who is the Avesta's divinity of the waters. The Vikings believed that their god Odin created the world. In Norse mythology, Heimdall (also called Heimdallr) is a god who possesses the resounding horn Gjallarhorn, owns the golden-maned horse Gulltoppr, has gold teeth, and is the son of Nine Fiery Mothers. Al-Burāq (Arabic: البُراق‎ al-Burāq "lightning") isn't mentioned in the Quran but in some hadith ("tradition") literature. The Norse Horse Tavern, Elk Horn, Iowa. Loki, the Norse god whose mischief and shenanigans knew no limits, was such an ambiguous character, with his role moving from darkly malicious and evil to helpful but cunning. Later in the Book of Revelation, Christ rides a white horse out of heaven at the head of the armies of heaven to judge and make war upon the earth. [14] Turaga was another divine white horse that emerged out of the ocean and taken by the sun god Surya. Freyr goes as a hostage to the Aesir, along with Njord and Freya. 7. The city of Hanoi honours a white horse as its patron saint with a temple dedicated to this revered spirit, the White Horse or Bach Ma Temple ( "bach" means white and "ma" is horse). [10], A long Latin inscription of the first century BC, engraved in a lead sheet and accompanying the sacrifice of a filly and the votive gift of a cauldron, was found in 1887 at Rom, Deux-Sèvres, the Roman Rauranum. 99 Horse Names There are tons of horse names out there, but you prefer something unique. In Book I, "The Vision of the King," he writes of earliest England, invoking the white horse hill figure and the gods: Before the gods that made the gods Following the departure of Siddhartha, it was said that Kanthaka died of a broken heart.[19]. In more than one tradition, the white horse carries patron saints or the world saviour in the end times (as in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam), is associated with the sun or sun chariot (Ossetia) or bursts into existence in a fantastic way, emerging from the sea or a lightning bolt. NERTHUS: She was the Norse goddess of peace, happiness and wealth. The Cornish Padstow Obby Oss takes place evey May Day and features a battle between good and evil and is a survival of a custom that once existed more widely in Devon and Cornwall and the wider Westcountry sometimes referred to as 'the Old Grey Mare' in English folklore. Epona is mentioned in The Golden Ass by Apuleius, where an aedicular niche with her image on a pillar in a stable has been garlanded with freshly picked roses. Poseidon was also the creator of horses, creating them out of the breaking waves when challenged to make a beautiful land animal. When he grew up, he united six warring states. Mackinac Island does not permit personal automobiles; the primary source of transportation remains the horse, so celebrating Epona has special significance on this island in the upper midwest. They also believe that the only way for someone to achieve an honored death is to die in battle. Njord was generally seen as the chief of the Vanir gods. Aside from his infectious smile, boundless wisdom and kindness, he is most known for dying from a mischievous trick cooked up by Loki, the trickster god in Norse mythology. A huge white horse appears in Korean mythology in the story of the kingdom of Silla. Although known only from Roman contexts, the name Epona ('Great Mare') is from the Gaulish language; it is derived from the inferred Proto-Celtic *ekʷos 'horse',[5] which gives rise to modern Welsh ebol 'foal', together with the augmentative suffix -on frequently, though not exclusively, found in theonyms (for example Sirona, Matrona) and the usual Gaulish feminine singular -a. They are described as patrolling the earth and keeping it peaceful. Buri – Ancestor of the Norse gods. The basis for the superstition may have been that the horse was a form of Church Grim, buried alive at the original consecration of the church building (the doomed protagonist in the play was a pastor), or that it was a materialisation of the fylgje, an individual's or family's guardian spirit. Kalki, the tenth incarnation of Vishnu and final world saviour, is predicted to appear riding a white horse, or in the form of a white horse. [23][24][25] Saint George, the patron saint of horsemen[26] among other things, also rides a white horse. A series of their dedications to Epona and other Celtic, Roman and German deities was found in Rome, at the Lateran. In Norse Mythology the original inhabitants of Valhalla were the Æsir (gods) and Ásynjur (goddesses), but they were not the first divinities the Nordic races worshiped because they also recognize the power of the gods of the sea, the wind, the forests and the forces of nature, known as the Vanir. Waddell, John. The Norse Gods are the mythological characters that, as far as we know, came from the Northern Germanic tribes of the 9th century AD. In Gallo-Roman religion, Epona was a protector of horses, ponies, donkeys, and mules. She is the goddess that is concerned with the protection of horses. [citation needed], In Zoroastrianism, one of the three representations of Tishtrya, the hypostasis of the star Sirius, is that of a white stallion (the other two are as a young man, and as a bull). The reasons for Vali’s birth are made clear and his actions, while those of … In Norse mythology, Loki, Loptr, or Hveðrungr is a god, jotun, or both.He is the son of Fárbauti and Pene, and the brother of Helblindi and Býleistr. The White Horse of the White Horse Vale The Norse culture honored a wide variety of gods, and many are still worshipped today by Asatruar and Heathens. [citation needed] Unicorns are (generally white) horse-like creatures with a single horn. Was cut out of the grass. Riding on his horse Sleipnir that has supernatural strength Odin can conquer his enemy using Gungnir, a magical weapon, which is unstoppable in its fight and governs the fortunes of war. In the Equestrian type, common in Gaul, she is depicted sitting side-saddle on a horse or (rarely) lying on one; in the Imperial type (more common outside Gaul) she sits on a throne flanked by two or more horses or foals. This custom roots in the ancient Eastern belief that stolen land would lose its fertility. From earliest times, white horses have been mythologised as possessing exceptional properties, transcending the normal world by having wings (e.g. Created by the cow Audmula licking him from ice. [8] Sleipnir is also the ancestor of another grey horse, Grani, who is owned by the hero Sigurd. Asgard was divided into 12 or more realms in which each principal god had his own luxurious mansion of gold or silver. He courts the giantess Gerd through his servant Skirnir. The second clan, Vanir, contains the fertility gods and count Njord, Freyr, and Freyja as their most notable members. "The Ancestors of Epona." [5][6][7], In Norse mythology, Odin's eight-legged horse Sleipnir, "the best horse among gods and men", is described as grey. The La Tène style hill figure in England, the Uffington White Horse dates back to the Bronze Age and is similar to some Celtic coin horse designs. White horses have a special significance in the mythologies of cultures around the world. Odin was the father of the Norse … For the Norse and Germanic societies, much like many other ancient cultures, the deities were a part of daily life, not merely something to be chatted with in times of need. But, just in case a customer boost is needed, his friend can help. [17], The tale was passed along in the context of unseemly man-beast coupling in Giambattista Della Porta's edition of Magia naturalis (1589), a potpourri of the sensible and questionable, erroneously citing Plutarch's Life of Solon. One god, however, exists outside of this typical representation. Heimdall's other names were Hallinskiði, Gullintanni, Vindhlér or Vindlér, and Rig. The first mention comes from the 15th stanza of the Grímnismál, one of the poems in the Poetic Edda. In Gallo-Roman religion, Epona was a protector of horses, ponies, donkeys, and mules. He generated with jotun Angrboða, Hela, the wolf Fenrir and the serpent Jörmungandr. Oaks, L. S. (1986), "The goddess Epona", in M. Henig and A. Epona's feast day in the Roman calendar was given as December 18 on a rustic calendar from Guidizzolo, Italy,[12] although this may have been only a local celebration. The dwarves build Freyr a ship, Skidbladnir, that can hold all the gods or fit in his pocket. Siddhartha used Kanthaka in all major events described in Buddhist texts prior to his renunciation of the world. This, in itself, wasn’t an unusual belief in terms of other religions. [35], New Testament: Book of Revelation, Ch 6:2 (NIV), New Testament: Book of Revelation, Ch 6:8 (NIV), New Testament: Book of Revelation, Ch 19:11-6 (NIV), "Reflexes of Ancient Ideas about Divine Twins in the Images of Saints George and Nicholas in Belarusian Folklore", "Apollodorus, Library, book 3, chapter 5, section 5", The Religion of Ossetia: Uastyrdzhi and Nart Batraz in Ossetian mythology, "1995 article with images by Barbara Cohen", Audio recording of a White Horse legend from Newfoundland, Canada, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=White_horses_in_mythology&oldid=994248331, Mythologies of the indigenous peoples of North America, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2008, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 19:58. Representing various forms of water, her four horses are named "wind", "rain", "clouds" and "sleet" (Yasht 5.120). The chariot of the solar deity Surya is drawn by seven horses, alternately described as all white, or as the colours of the rainbow. Cautious and Fortuitous, you are the Norse God Heimdall! Earth – Daughter of Night and Annar. Few stories in Norse mythology provide details about the births and childhoods of the gods. She was particularly a goddess of fertility, as shown by her attributes of a patera, cornucopia, ears of grain and the presence of foals in some sculptures. As Gaul was Romanized under the early Empire, Epona’s sovereign role evolved into a protector of cavalry. In Blackfoot mythology, the snow deity Aisoyimstan is a white-coloured man in white clothing who rides a white horse. According to tradition, Abraham lived with one wife (Sarah) in Syria, but Al-Buraq would transport him in the morning to Makkah to see his family there, and then take him back to his Syrian wife in the evening. The game horse is always brown or chestnut, with a white mane. Most notably, he is the father of Sleipnir, Odin’s eight-legged horse, Jormungandr, the serpent circling the earth, and Fenrir, a gigantic wolf. Fernand Benoît found the earliest attestations of a cult of Epona in the Danubian provinces and asserted that she had been introduced in the limes of Gaul by horsemen from the east. And so, when our leaders saw this army, they ... recognised the aid of Christ, whose leaders were St. George, Mercurius, and Demetrius. Herodotus reported that white horses were held as sacred animals in the Achaemenid court of Xerxes the Great (ruled 486–465 BC),[2] while in other traditions the reverse happens when it was sacrificed to the gods. 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With jotun Angrboða, Hela, the main character 's horse is always brown or,... ” Old Norse literature … in Gallo-Roman religion, Epona is also the father of the.! Through his servant Skirnir Gallo-Roman goddess of the Vanir deities author G. norse horse god Chesterton wrote an poem... Culture tells of a broken heart. [ 31 ], Epona ’ s bad for business unicorn! Avengers movies outside of this typical representation able to talk his way out the! For someone to achieve an honored death is to die in battle it believed... Who prophesy or warn of danger 1994 ( Sonderdruck aus: Bericht Römisch-Germanischen... People, but he ’ s bad for business something unique s sovereign role evolved into protector! Books and Avengers movies other Celtic, Roman and German deities was found in Roman sites of stables and over! Ride, with parallels in Rhiannon of the Vanir deities Njord, Freyr and. And Freyja as their most notable members, Bonn 1994 ( Sonderdruck aus: Bericht der Kommission! 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