Consult "Differences between Statistics Canada's census counts and population estimates" to learn more about this topic. Statistics Canada is committed to serving its clients in a prompt, reliable and courteous manner. According to … A positive school environment is associated with positive mental health outcomes for off-reserve First Nations youth. Ottawa (ON): Statistics Canada; 2016. The Indigenous population of Canada is young, with 26.8% of Indigenous people in 2016 under the age of 15, and 31.0% aged between 15 and 34 years; compared to 16.4% and 25.2% respectively for the non-Indigenous population. In this document, the term “Indigenous” is used in place of “Aboriginal”. In light of changing terminology, recent court decisions and the Government’s renewed commitment to Indigenous people, Statistics Canada is actively seeking feedback from First Nations, Métis and Inuit governments, organizations and individuals on the concepts and categories used in the census as well as what data they need. According to the 2011 Canadian Census , indigenous peoples ( First Nations – 851,560, Inuit – 59,445 and Métis – 451,795) numbered at 1,400,685, or 4.3% of the country's total population. The current categories (First Nations [Status and non-Status], Métis and Inuk) do not cover the complexities of modern treaties. Meaningful engagement and relationship building are highly valued in Indigenous cultures and are therefore major priorities for Statistics Canada. Put another way, in some Canadian cities such as Yellowknife or Whitehorse Indigenous Peoples make up 90 percent of the homeless population . Those with strong family networks were generally more likely to report positive health. One-quarter (26.2%) of Inuit, 24.2% of First Nations people and 11.3% of Métis lived in a dwelling that was in need of major repairs. Between 2006 and 2016, the Indigenous population in the NWT grew by 1.1%, compared to 42.7% a growth rate for the Indigenous population of Canada. Ontario has a population of 301,425 indigenous Canadians … Lindsay Richardson APTN News In five years, between 2011 and 2016, the “Aboriginal identity population” grew by 19.5 per cent – almost five times more than the country’s non-Indigenous counterparts, according to a Statistics Canada summary report. Sources: Statistics Canada, 2015–2016; Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission, 2018; Canadian Heritage, 2016–2017. Indigenous people are not recovering from loss of employment during the COVID-19 pandemic as well as non-Indigenous Canadians, according to new data from Statistics Canada. 2016 Census. Canadian Provinces and Territories by Indigenous Population. Statistics. As Winnipeg's Indigenous population continues to grow, the city is also becoming less segregated, says a new report from Statistics Canada. People living in institutions, such as hospitals, shelters and senior’s residences, Those temporarily living away from home for health or other services. Mulligan, L., Axford, M. and Solecki, A. The 2016 Census had the highest number of participating reserves, with only 14 reserves that were not enumerated of a total of 984. Innovative approaches to gathering data and data development depend on the effective use of administrative data sources. In 2013, 43% of Indigenous people had confidence in the justice system and the courts, compared with 58% of non-Indigenous people. The average house price in the city was $2821 and the average annual earnings for wage-earner families was $1033. ... range of analysis, data, reference and geographical information according to topics (subjects) that paint a portrait of Canada and its population. Aboriginal Demography: Population, Household and Family Projections, 2001-2026: Statistics and Measurement Directorate 2006 A Statistical Profile on the Health of First Nations in Canada: Determinants of Health, 2006 to 2010 Please contact us and let us know how we can help you. Search and menus. Use of this publication is governed by the Statistics Canada Open Licence Agreement. Nearly 22% of the population is now foreign-born, and about 60% of new immigrants come from Asia … Statistics Canada developed an Inuit hiring strategy that increased Statistics Canada’s capacity in terms of staffing in Nunavut. Data products. Aboriginal Population Profile, 2016 Census This product presents information from the Census of Population focusing on the Aboriginal identity population of various geographic areas. A quick look at the recent statistical data shows that the measures taken to combat this reality have not yet produced the desired results. Employment rates were about 75% among First Nations people living off reserve who had college diplomas or apprenticeship certificates. In the NWT, the average age of the The First Nations population— including both those who are registered or treaty Indians under the Indian Actand those who are not—grew by 39.3% from 2006 to reach 977,230 people in 2016. Statistics Canada, Census of Population, 1986 to 2016. The Statistics Canada numbers, based on the 2016 census, show Winnipeg's census metropolitan area (CMA) with 92,810 people identifying as Indigenous — First Nations, Métis and Inuit. The First Nations population— including both those who are registered or treaty Indians under the Indian Act and those who are not—grew by 39.3% from 2006 to reach 977,230 people in 2016. These rates were highest for Inuit living in Inuit Nunangat (31.5%) and Status First Nations people living on reserve (44.2%). “The reality is in the statistics.” Indigenous people make up only five percent of Canada’s population, but 30 percent of all incarcerations – comparable to the figures in the U.S., where Blacks and African Americans make up just over 13 percent of the general population, but … View all content related to Indigenous peoples. A lower proportion of the non-Indigenous population lived in housing that was crowded (8.5%). About 20% of Indigenous people aged 15 and over experienced food insecurity in the past 12 months. Among Inuit, those living in Inuit Nunangat were more likely to be able to speak an Inuit language than those living outside. The Indigenous Liaison Program serves as a bridge between Statistics Canada and First Nations, Métis and Inuit communities and Indigenous organizations. The term 'Bachelor's degree or higher' corresponds to the category 'University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above' in the 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' classification. Between 2011 and May 2016, Canada's population grew by 1.7 million people, with immigrants accounting for two-thirds of the … These groups include: As part of its modernization initiative, Statistics Canada, in partnership with organizations such as Indigenous Services, Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs and Indigenous organizations, is striving to find new analytical methods, such as data modelling, which would leverage the power of the information we gather. The indigenous population of Canada has a prevalent poverty rate with one in four aboriginals, Métis and Inuit living in poverty. The Indigenous population is younger than the non-Indigenous. Indigenous people represented an estimated 5% of the Canadian population in 2015. Statistics Canada's Aboriginal Population Profile presents information from the 2016 Census of Population for various geographic areas. About one in six (17.9%) Indigenous children aged 0 to 4 shared a household with at least one grandparent, compared with 9.5% of non-Indigenous children. The health of Indigenous people and communities in Canada, including self-rated health, chronic conditions, well-being, life expectancy, and accessibility to health providers and services. Suicide is the second-leading caus… They present the epistemology, paradigm, and practice of indigenous statistics in accessible language. This was up from 3.8% in 2006 and 2.8% in 1996. “Aboriginal identity” refers to whether a person identified with the Aboriginal peoples of Canada. In 2015, Indigenous people accounted for 25% of all homicide victims in Canada. Statistics Canada conducts a country-wide census that collects demographic data every five years on the first and sixth year of each decade. Users can search for an area of interest among census subdivisions (municipalities), census divisions, census metropolitan areas, census agglomerations, provinces and territories, Métis settlements, Inuit regions, Indian band and Tribal … Research on Indigenous and Northern issues. Source: Statistics Canada, Census of Population, 2016. These data highlights are presented through text, tables and figures. Demographic and socio-economic characteristics of the Indigenous population available for various geographic areas. On January 8, 2015, Statistics Canada released updated CANSIM tables from the Labour Force Survey (LFS) including data for the off-reserve Aboriginal population. Education and skills related to the Indigenous population in Canada, including educational attainment, field of study, educational outcomes, literacy, and technology use. Saskatchewan’s Indigenous population has remained more rural than the rest of the province — at least according to Statistic Canada’s definitions. The Métis population (587,545) had the largest increase of any of the groups over the 10-year span, rising 51.2% from 2006 to 2016. Individual and family income by source, and spending in Indigenous households. Highlights Within Sudbury and districts, those who identified as Indigenous people represented a larger proportion of the population (13%) compared to Ontario overall (3%). Under the Employment Equity Act, Aboriginal people are a designated group along with women, visible minorities, and persons with disabilities; as such, they are neither a visible minority under the Act or in the view of Statistics Canada. The 2016 Canadian Census enumerated a total population of 35,151,728, an increase of around 5.0 percent over the 2011 figure. A map of the geographic area is also included in the product. Can't find what you're looking for? Table 1 Population by Indigenous Identity, Canada, Provinces and Territories, 2006 and 2016 Census . Includes demographic, social and economic characteristics of Indigenous peoples. This suggests that many people, especially young people, Statistics Canada, Canadian Community Health Survey, 2007-2014. Australia's current Indigenous population is approximately 400 000 people, or 2 percent of the population, of whom 70 per cent are under 25 years of age (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2005). In 2016, there were 1,673,785 Indigenous people in Canada, accounting for 4.9% of the total population. This is an oval word art image within a rectangle that contains the list of Indigenous languages based on the 36 most widely spoken with at least 500 speakers in 2016: Status First Nations people—particularly those living on reserve—were more likely to be able to speak an Indigenous language. In the next two decades, the Indigenous population is likely to exceed 2.5 million persons. Sign up to My StatCan to get updates in real-time. In 2016, there were 1,673,785 Aboriginal people in Canada, accounting for 4.9% of the total population. Is this person an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit)? In the NWT, the average age of the The demographics of Metro Vancouver reveal a multi-ethnic society. See Statistics Canada, First Nations People, Métis and Inuit in Canada: Diverse and Growing Populations, 20 March 2018. In the 2016 census by Statistics Canada, over 1.6 million people in Canada identified as Indigenous, making up 4.9 per cent of the national population. Statistics Canada reports that these Indigenous figures should be used with caution because the coefficient of variation, which measures the sampling error, is between 16.6 and 33.3. The objectives of the Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS) are to identify the needs of Aboriginal peoples and to inform policy and programs aimed at improving the well-being of Aboriginal peoples. COVID-19 is increasing the economic stress on Canada's urban Indigenous population, including Inuit, says a new article from Statistics Canada. Canadian Institute for Health Information, Discharge Abstract Database, 2006-2009. This series was developed in partnership with Indigenous Services Canada. There remains a small population, less than 2%, of Aboriginal peoples, who according to archeological and historical records, have inhabited this region for more than 3,000 years. Our key sources of information on First Nations people, Métis and Inuit are collected every five years. The resulting portrait of the state of health inequalities in Canada is available through the Health Inequalities Data Tool, an online interactive database.. LFS data are used to produce the well-known unemployment rate as well as other standard labour market indicators such as the employment rate and the participation rate. Among the Inuit living in Inuit Nunangat, 52% of adults experienced food insecurity. The advisors work with communities and organizations to increase the understanding of, and access to, Statistics Canada data products and services, as well as promote the use of these data sources for decision-making and community-planning activities. The data portrait of First Nations people, Métis, Inuit and their communities and businesses is not as comprehensive as it is for the general population. All rights reserved. The proportion of people reporting an Aboriginal identity continues to grow, according to the most recent data. Child care and family responsibilities were most often cited by Inuit women as reasons for leaving high school or postsecondary programs. The Inuit are the youngest of the three groups, with an average age of 27.7 years, followed by First Nations people (30.6 years) and Métis (34.7 years). Ethnic origin. This was up from 3.8% in 2006 and 2.8% in 1996. Of these, there were 36 languages that had at least 500 speakers. One‑quarter (23.1%) of First Nations people lived in crowded housing in 2016. Between 2006 and 2016, the Indigenous population in Canada grew by 42.5%, four times faster than the rest of the population of Canada. Canada owes the success of its statistical system to a long-standing partnership between Statistics Canada, the citizens of Canada, its businesses, governments and other institutions. Demographic characteristics and Indigenous groups, Other content related to Indigenous peoples, 2016 Census Aboriginal Community Portraits, Aboriginal Population Profile, 2016 Census. Is there information outdated? Table 1 Population by Indigenous Identity, Canada, Provinces and Territories, 2006 and 2016 Census . The Indigenous Liaison Program serves as a bridge between Statistics Canada and First Nations, Métis and Inuit communities and Indigenous organizations. Edmonton (76,205), Vancouver (61,460) and Toronto (46,315) round out the top four. Demographic, social and economic characteristics of Indigenous children, and data on health and well-being. By focusing on the strengths of prospective Inuit employees, more than 130 territorial residents were hired (accounting for 78% of the data collection team) across all 25 communities. Since 2006, the Aboriginal population has grown by 42.5%—more than four times the growth rate of … The term “Aboriginal” was used by Statistics Canada during the 2016 census and respondents would have self-identified as such. The term 'Aboriginal' or 'Indigenous' used on the Statistics Canada website refers to individuals identifying themselves as 'First Nations people, Métis or Inuit'. They also help build the statistical capacity of First Nations, Métis and Inuit organizations and people. While 4% of the population claims an aboriginal identity, another 16% belongs to a non-aboriginal visible minority. Statistics Canada uses data on Indigenous identity to analyze socio-economic trends and population growth. In particular, Statistics Canada notes women are at higher risk, with 41% of Indigenous women living food insecure compared to 34% of men. Approximately 97 per cent of th… First Nations people and Métis were more likely to report a chronic condition. Among the Metis, one in four had completed a college diploma in 2016, compared with one in five in 2006. Although "Indian" is a term still commonly used in legal documents, the descriptors "Indian" and "Eskimo" have somewhat fallen into disuse in Canada, and some consider them to be pejorative. Data products. This represents a significant change from 1986, when 136 reserves were incompletely enumerated. The survey was conducted between January and August 2017. “Indigenous,” although increasingly mainstream, is not universally accepted. Application of the United Nations Human Development Index to Registered Indians in Canada, 2006–2016 Half of First Nations people living off reserve report themselves in very good or excellent health. “Food insecurity among Inuit living in Inuit Nunangat.” Insights on Canadian Society. A report summarizing what we heard will be published in the fall of 2018. Canada's aboriginal people are growing at twice the national rate. are learning Indigenous languages as second languages. The 2016 Census of Population Program offers a wide range of analysis, data, reference and geographical information according to topics (subjects) that paint a portrait of Canada and its population. In Canada, the term Indigenous peoples (or Aboriginal peoples) refers to First Nations, Métis and Inuit peoples. Statistics Canada uses data on Indigenous identity to analyze socio-economic trends and population growth. Among all Indigenous identity groups, the most common postsecondary qualification for those aged 25 to 64 was college. Information is available on home language, mother tongue; ability to speak or understand an Indigenous language, the strength and vitality of Indigenous languages and factors associated with perpetuating and revitalizing these languages. 42 per 100,000 for First Nations youth living on reserve, 26 per 100,000 for First Nations youth living off reserve, 101 per 100,000 for Inuit youth living in Inuit Nunangat. Statistics Canada, Aboriginal Peoples Survey, 2012. Research shows that Indigenous homelessness in major urban areas ranges from 20-50% of the total homeless population, while others have reported that the range may be much wider, at 11-96%. Further, one-third of the urban Indigenous population lives in food insecure households. Health at a Glance: Food Insecurity in Canada (Ottawa, ON: Statistics Canada, March 25, 2015). Labour market impacts of COVID-19 on Indigenous people: March to August 2020, Perceptions of safety of Indigenous people during the COVID-19 pandemic, StatCan COVID-19: Data to Insights for a Better Canada Economic impact of COVID-19 among Indigenous people, Indigenous people and mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic, Study: Indigenous people in urban areas: Vulnerabilities to the socioeconomic impacts of COVID-19. Indigenous Peoples represent the fastest growing and youngest population in Canada. This includes those who are First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who are Registered or Treaty Indians (that is, registered under the Indian Act of Canada), and/or those who have membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Statistics. Footnote 4. Paradoxically, the Aboriginal population in Canada is both young – 32.1 years old, on average, compared to 40.9 years old for non-Aboriginals – and aging: 7.3 per cent of Indigenous … 2015. Return to footnote 2 referrer. More than 30% of inmates in Canadian prisons are Indigenous – even though aboriginal people make up just 5% of the country’s population, according … Explore the distribution of the population with Aboriginal identity across Canada in 2016 using the Census Program Data Viewer. Demographic and socio-economic statistics on Indigenous peoples and Northerners. Changing any selection will automatically update the page content. The Indigenous population is younger than the non-Indigenous. The proportion of First Nations people with Registered or Treaty Indian status who lived in a dwelling that needed major repairs was more than three times higher on reserve than off reserve (14.2%). Results will be available in the fall, 2018, that will examine barriers and levers to economic participation, labour mobility, entrepreneurship, skills training and financial well-being. Taché also maintained that several important steps were required for improved statistics, including a preliminary numerical study of Canada and the Indigenous population dating back to the early 17th century; development of statistical trends for the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries to 1871; revision and correction of the 1851 and 1861 censuses; and preparation for a better census in 1871. For example, some would still use the term “Indian” to describe themselves. Between 2011 and May 2016, Canada's population grew by 1.7 million people, with immigrants accounting for two-thirds of the … It does not include non-apprenticeship trades certificates. 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