The other 3 popular tourist zones of Chiang Mai, Krabi and Phuket have been in the Green Zone throughout the current month of restrictions and can operate much as they were before December last year. Brain size is measured by an endocast, but Turner says these do not reflect the subcortical enhancement that was occurring between the emergence of Australopiths (around 4 million years ago) and Homo erectus (1.8 million years ago). “The hunters feel proud to have done well and shared with their family; those who prepared the food are recognised and appreciated; everyone’s belly is getting filled and feeling good; and so many positive social interactions are taking place. In the social world, if they have a fight, they come together and try to repair damage. But domestic airlines have slashed their flights to these areas and the few flights remaining are asking higher fares than the pre-second wave prices. Her comments are worth quoting at length: When the chimpanzees approach, they hear this roaring sound, and you see their hair stands a little on end and then they move a bit quicker. Give me Thai femininity over Aussie feminism any day. Followers of the Nazareth Baptist Church climb the Nhlangakazi Holy Mountain. She say I your wife I go with you anywhere and take care of you. Can the roots of spiritual behaviours and feelings be found in other animals? Early in the series, viewers are introduced to Dominique Renelleau. One is called functionalism or adaptationism: the idea that religion brings positive evolutionary benefits, which are most often framed in terms of its contribution to group living. In contrast, the average human group is about 150, known as Dunbar’s Number. The same is true for altruism, says de Waal. De Waal has been criticised over the years for offering a rose-coloured interpretation of animal behaviour. The Lantern Festival or the Spring Lantern Festival is a Chinese festival celebrated on the fifteenth day of the first month in the lunisolar Chinese calendar.Usually falling in February or early March on the Gregorian calendar, it marks the final day of the traditional Chinese New Year celebrations. They behave normatively in the sense of correcting, or trying to correct, deviations from an ideal state. Hope no one kills a attendee for not wearing a mask. Women prepare food for the homeless during a charity Christmas dinner (Credit: Getty). Guilt and shame, for example, two crucial emotions for the development of religion, are the combination of sadness, fear, and anger. Ultra-Orthodox Jewish men take part in the Tashlich ritual, during which sins are cast into the water to the fish (Credit: Getty). A decade of decadence. Started Yesterday at 11:13 AM, By If you liked this story, sign up for the weekly bbc.com features newsletter, called “If You Only Read 6 Things This Week”. The only downside is the uncertainly going into the future, which is unsettling to say the least. Our religious services of today may seem worlds away from the mammalian play and empathy that emerged in our deep past, and indeed institutionalised religion is much more advanced than a so-called waterfall dance. Any religious meal is, before it is anything else, a meal. How Do The Steelers Clinch Playoff Berth: 10 Dec 2020 First things first, they have to get to the playoffs. THE SERPENT is the true-crime drama series on BBC everybody is talking about. Period. I am in a similar position and as happy as you are! Play, in this evolutionary sense, has many unique characteristics: it must be performed “in a relaxed field” – when the animal is fed and healthy and stress-free (which is why it is most common in species with extended parental care). ), Muslim worshippers perform the evening (Isha) prayers at the Kaaba. Any human phenomenon that exists is a human phenomenon that became what it is. [9] The airport is the main hub of China Airlines , the Republic of China's flag carrier , as well as EVA Air , a private airline established in 1989. Without the ability to maintain new structures – like small groups of five or six so-called nuclear families, says Turner – these apes wouldn’t have been able to survive. As selection worked on existing brain structures, enhancing emotional and interpersonal capacities, certain behavioural propensities of apes began to evolve. These enhanced emotions promoted bonding, a crucial achievement for the development of religion. Help is at hand, Biden set to accept more refugees after years of Trump restrictions, Man arrested for allegedly entering a studio naked at night, How The Pandemic Has Upended The Lives Of Thailand's Sex Workers, Countdown to 'catastrophe:' Inside Europe's fight for COVID shots. “And once these new valences of positive emotions are neurologically possible, they can become entwined with rituals and other emotion-arousing behaviours to enhance solidarities and, eventually, produce notions of power gods and supernatural forces.”. When I retired I wanted to come to Thailand, she would have been happy staying in Australia. They’d already been in place since the emergence of modern humans, about 200,000 years ago. I have been very lucky, I left Australia in February two weeks before all the shutters came down. We live now on my pension and hardly ever need touch savings. We need to focus less on questions about Big Gods and creeds, and more on questions about the capacities that emerged in our ancient ancestors that allowed them to achieve a religious way of being together. I will post that I very much like your attitude and outlook on life. There’s obviously a gap between primate social repair and the institutionalisation of moral codes that lie at the heart of modern human societies. You have savings and you're on the pension?! The last 9years been best of my life. While the theology-based forms are only a few thousand years old and characteristic of post-agricultural societies, Dunbar argues that the shamanic forms date back 500,000 years. Pool View Room (45 … So how did nature achieve this socialisation process? I love Thailand, most of my mates back In Oz all tell me they are envious of my lifestyle. As Bellah reminds us, we don’t come from nowhere. This is the first of a two-part special examining the evolutionary roots of religion. Human religion emerges out of this increased capacity for sociality. But evolution has produced pleasurable sensations for behaviours we need to perform, like sex and eating and female-nursing. For this reason, some theorists such as Dunbar argue that we should also look beyond the individual to the survival of the group. Orangutans broke away about 13-16 million years ago, while the gorilla line branched away about 8-9 million years ago. De Waal’s definition echoes one given by sociologist Émile Durkheim, who also emphasised the importance of shared experiences that “unite into one single moral community”. In the first of a two-part special, Brandon Ambrosino examines the evolutionary origins of religion. The similarities between humans and chimps are well known, but one important difference has to do with group size. I am 70years old now been married 3 times totalling 47 years. While folks on both sides of this debate have their reasons, it seems unhelpful to frame the evolution of religion in such either/or terms. In archival footage, primatologist and anthropologist Jane Goodall describes the well-known waterfall dance which has been widely observed in chimpanzees. This can be true for many behaviours – including music – but religion presents a particular puzzle, since it often involves extremely costly behaviours, such as altruism and, at times, even self-sacrifice. Now compare that to ritual, which is enacted, which is embodied. Of course, nurturing is arguably seen in species of fish, crocodiles, and snakes, but the nurturing capabilities of mammals is really a giant leap forward in the evolutionary story. If we made contact with aliens, how would religions react? And while Turner acknowledges it might be pushing it to refer to a chimpanzee waterfall dance or carnival as Ritual with a capital R, it is possible to affirm that “these ritual-like behavioural propensities suggest that some of what is needed for religious behaviour is part of the genome of chimpanzees, and hence, hominins”. Goodall has observed a similar phenomenon happen during a heavy rain. Join 900,000+ Future fans by liking us on Facebook, or follow us on Twitter or Instagram. While much of the scientific study of religion is on theology-based doctrinal religions, the evolutionary psychologist Robin Dunbar thinks this is a narrow way of studying the phenomenon because it “completely ignores the fact that for most of human history religions have had a very different shamanic-like form that lacks gods and moral codes”. am lucky to have a flexible existence, i being basically happy contented person i'm ok wherever i am. Although the neocortex figures prominently in many theories of the evolution of religion, Turner says the more important alterations concerned the subcortical parts of the brain, which gave hominins the capacity to experience a broader range of emotions. Either way, evolution didn’t “aim” at religion; religion just emerged as evolution “aimed” at other things. An animal may perform the behaviour X, but does it do so because it feels it should do so – thanks to an appreciation of a norm? My Wife now of 9 years is a Lanna lady. The idea that normativity is [restricted to] humans is not correct. The word spandrel refers to an architectural shape that emerges as a by-product between arches and ceiling. As these capacities got more acutely enhanced with the growth of the Homo brain and the development of the neocortex, behaviours such as play and ritual entered a new phase in hominin development, becoming the raw materials out of which cultural evolution would begin to institutionalise religion. D onald Weber was startled to be suddenly confronted by two men from El Paso at his girlfriend’s apartment in Chiang Mai, Thailand. Bit older than OP and share his sentiments exactly. That’s what we’ve been keeping in mind as we made our way back in time to the evolutionary seeds that would eventually – and quite slowly – blossom into human religion. Certainly the last two millennia, which, in addition to devout celebrations of the Eucharist, are rife with doctrinal disputes, church splits, episodes of violence, excommunications, papal pronouncements, and various metaphysical debates, all revolving around the communion meal. If we are to understand religion, then, we first need to look back into your deep history to understand how human ancestors evolved to live in groups in the first place. As far as Darwin was convinced, there wasn’t any difference between religious feeling and any other feeling. Play involves a sense of justice, or at least equanimity: big animals need to self-handicap in order to not hurt smaller animals. No wonder so much mythological content is built up around the meal.”. Most important of all, says Bellah, play is a practice in itself, and “not something with an external end”. Aren’t the animals just acting in their own best interests? I hate to think how I would have felt if I had been trapped in Australia, with all the strict rules. Feel lucky to be here. I have found Immigration in Chiang Rai very easy to deal with. And yet – Homo sapiens wasn’t the only species to discover the benefits of food-sharing. Kashmiri Muslims celebrate Eid-e-Milad-un-Nabi, the anniversary of the Prophet's birth (Credit: Getty), It’s difficult to imagine religion without the capacity to experience these emotional elaborations for the same reason it’s difficult to imagine close social groups without them: such an emotional palette binds us to one another at a visceral level. CHIANG MAI (REUTERS) - An urban farm developed on a former landfill site in northern Thailand boosted the food security and livelihoods of poor families during the... Straits Times 2021-01-07, 08:17 Metro Mayor announces £1.1m boost for innovative local businesses That does not fundamentally alter what the behaviour is. These words, recorded in the Gospels as being spoken by Jesus during the Last Supper, are said daily at Church services around the world before the communion meal is eaten. Others take the view that religion is a spandrel, or by-product of evolutionary processes. Probably, like those capacities that allowed for play (and ultimately ritual), to the advent of parental care. Play also occurs in bouts: it has a clear beginning and ending. Religion is an embodied phenomenon because the human religious way of being has evolved for millions of years as the bodies of our ancestors interacted with the other bodies around them. Are you in Thailand and feeling low? Animals are capable of having goals and striving towards them. There is evidence for this mechanism in hyenas, dolphins, wolves, domestic goats.”, He also finds evidence that animals “actively try to preserve harmony within their social network … by reconciling after conflict, protesting against unequal divisions, and breaking up fights among others. There is no history of the religion of an individual creature. Fun. As the ape line evolved from our last common ancestor in more open environments, it was necessary to pressure apes, who prefer to go it alone, to form more lasting social structures. But this is a misguided way of talking about altruism, de Waal says. Faites votre choix parmi les films, séries TV, reportages ou documentaires qui seront diffusés ce soir à la télé et concoctez-vous une soirée TV réussie ! Enjoy Thailand. Life is what you make it and I feel sorry for the people using this site who are so unhappy and negative. I be happy to live out rest my life here and go out with big BBQ. Though many if not all of these behaviours have been documented in apes, I want to concentrate on two of them – ritual and empathy – without which religion would be unthinkable. Started Yesterday at 02:10 PM, By Being an Aussie we like to take Mickey out often, but that us. At this point in his argument, Turner introduces the concept of first- and second-order elaborations, which are emotions that are the result of a combinations of two or more primary emotions. Our story is about us. “It is an argument for materialism,” he wrote in a journal entry, “that cold water brings on suddenly in head, a frame of mind, analogous to those feelings, which may be considered as truly spiritual.” If this is true, then that means the causes of religious feelings can be pinpointed and studied just like any other feeling. Using agents for all that I can, so that I don't have to deal directly with IOs etc,  has certainly reduced any anxieties. But we can rewind further back, to the development of the oral traditions that got fixed into texts that were incorporated into the canonical New Testament. But evolution teaches us that complex, advanced phenomena develop from simple beginnings. I love it here and I wouldn't want to be anywhere else, or with anyone but Mrs P. I love our house and our holiday home. The roots of ritual are in what Bellah calls “serious play” – activities done for their own sake, which may not serve an immediate survival capacity, but which have “a very large potentiality of developing more capacities”. “Human solidarities are only possible by emotional arousal revolving around positive emotions – love, happiness, satisfaction, caring, loyalty – and the mitigation of the power of negative emotions, or at least some negative emotions,” says Turner. I watched certain uncertainties play on my fathers mind as he got older. When they get here, they’ll rhythmically sway, often upright, picking up big rocks and throwing them for maybe 10 minutes. The ritual symbolises the release of kindness and goodwill (Credit: Getty). “During 200 million years of mammalian evolution, females sensitive to their offspring out-reproduced those who were cold and distant,” says de Waal. Blokes in Oz have been brainwashed by the aggro beefy feminists and it has been disastrous on their mental health are a bit soft, and have very low expectations as a result. Still, says de Waal, all of these “human moral systems make use of primate tendencies”. scubascuba3 Feel very fortunate to feel so happy and settled here, where I will see out my days-lots more of them hopefully! With a broader set of emotions, the hominin brain was then able to enhance some of its capabilities, some of which quite naturally lent themselves a religious way of being. Religious beliefs and rituals help to unite groups of individuals (Credit: Getty). BBC Weather, Met Office, Meteo Londres… Plusieurs sites spécialisés l’annoncent ! You do realize your thread will be moved as has nothing to do with Thai visa etc forum. Many love it for same reasons. Still, we need to start somewhere, so de Waal suggests this definition: religion is “the shared reverence for the supernatural, sacred, or spiritual as well as the symbols, rituals, and worship that are associated with it”. Such a hard and fast line between altruism and selfishness, then, is naive at best and deceptive at worst. The Bills, at 9-3, do have a route to do just that this … We hear many negatives on this Forum but I have lots friends who have great wives. Seder, and later communion, were “taken up” theologically and liturgically, but the positive feelings around table-sharing were already in place. I too have a wonderful Thai wife and we are ready to retire to Thailand, But the current "situation" has us on hold for a little while so we are stuck in this rapidly declining America. Turner says the key isn’t with what we typically think of as intelligence, but rather with the emotions, which was accompanied by some important changes to our brain structure. They either abandon it, or start over and repair it. Modern humans, in contrast, boast a brain size much bigger than any of these, with a cranial capacity of up to 1,400 cc. PornHD picks up where other porn tubes fold with stylish appearance, all videos in high definition and the best stars in the porn industry. But you get the feeling that it’s all locked up inside them and the only way they can express it is through this fantastic rhythmic dance.” In addition to the displays that Goodall describes, others have observed various carnivalesque displays, drumming sessions, and various hooting rituals. If they behave in a way that appears altruistic, aren’t they just preparing (so to speak) for a time when they will need help? Meantime, very happy to stay here. It’s in the body – at least that’s how it started. It is an act of table-sharing, certainly an important ritual in the ancient Near East. 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